— American GIs —

Ballyholme Bay, Bangor

In 1944, Ballyholme Bay in Bangor was a hive of activity. Shipyards carried out work for the Admiralty and US Navy landing ship craft beached off the shore.

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US LST 393. Landing Ship Tank (LST-393) in Ballyholme Bay, Bangor, Northern Ireland, on 21st April 1944, while undertaking beach landing exercises with the US Army. This vessel is now a museum in Muskegon, Michigan. Photo taken from the LST-393 website.

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US Army.

Ballyholme Bay in Bangor, Co. Down lies on the southern side of Belfast Lough. It’s now a quiet residential area popular with tourists, walkers, and sailors. In 1944, a different scene greeted those on the Bangor seafront. The Ballyholme area was a hive of activity, providing a base for American GIs and the US Navy.

Naval vessels filled Belfast Lough and the people around the Co. Down coast grew accustomed to seeing large military ships off shore.

The Ballyholme Boat Club

The yacht club was already thriving when war broke out. The arrival of World War II in 1939 slowed progress as materials became harder to come by. 1940 is still remembered by the people of Ballyholme as the only year when no racing took place.

The war brought about huge technological advances in the sport of yachting. Clubs in Ireland saw the introduction of waterproof plywood. This was a stronger, lighter, and more malleable building material. More and more, yachting moved away from being a sport for only rich men.

Slater’s Shipyard at Ballyholme

Next to the yacht club was the shipyard of Robert N “Bertie” Slater. Born in Scotland, he settled in Ballyholme in the 1930s, developing a small shipyard.

Ballyholme Yacht Club

The shoreline at Ballyholme where Slater’s shipyard used to manufacture vessels for Admiralty use. Photo taken in February 2014.

During the war, the yard on the edge of Belfast Lough grew busier with Admiralty work. The government offered to cover his premises with two or three large sheds but he declined. He was confident his yard was capable of carrying out the work and thought the money could be better used elsewhere in the war effort.

Slater’s upper yard was a large shed building where the construction and manufacture took place. The rest of the area was open with tracks and dollies leading down to the Seacliff Road slipways.

The Sea Defences

Throughout World War Two, there were several air raid shelters in the area. Visitors to the shore today can see the red brick remnants of these provide defence of a different nature.

The brickwork now forms part of the sea wall, which protects Ballyholme from high tides and crashing waves. Similar sea wall construction is evident along the coastline in nearby Groomsport.

Ballyholme Sea Defences

The rubble of red brick air raid shelters now makes up the fabric of the defensive sea wall around the Ballyholme Bay coastline. Photo taken in February 2014.

LST 393 in Ballyholme Bay

In April 1944, Landing Ship Tank (LST 393) beached in Bangor. The US Navy carried out training exercises and practised beach landings in Ballyholme.

The LST was a British-American collaboration vehicle. It was capable of beaching to deliver heavy equipment, making it ideal for the upcoming Normandy invasion.

LST 393 arrived in Londonderry on 10th April 1944 along with LST 331 and LST 392. Under orders, 393 proceeded to Belfast Lough, anchoring off Bangor around 1800hrs on 18th. The US Navy carried out work on the ship and put her through loading testing.

On 21st April, LST 393 returned to Ballyholme from Larne where it completed two successful beaching exercises.  Although they didn’t know it, the men of the US Army were making preparations for D-Day. On 21st April, the ship returned to its prior anchorage.

On 23rd, she returned to Ballyholme for loading operations with the US Army. The imposing vessel remained there until early in the morning of 24th April. From there, she progressed to Dundrum Bay, and then Belfast’s Pollock Dock. There she loaded with US Army personnel and vehicles bound for Swansea in Wales. At 1752hrs on 27th April, the journey that would take those men to Normandy had begun.

Ballyholme Bay is a popular destination for people visiting the Bangor Area. LST 393 is now a museum, preserved at Muskegon, Michigan, USA.

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